As an anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, analgesic and antioxidant substance, cannabidiol (CBD) has been studied by many different experts in various fields of medical science, including dermatology. And, although more research is needed to ascertain the exact mechanisms of action and effects of CBD on human health, some studies presented promising results.
Due to those studies and emergent interest in cannabis components over the last few decades, nowadays, CBD-based products are gaining increased reputation among the health and wellness worlds. Particularly in the beauty and skin care areas, CBD oil, cannabis-based creams, and other types of products, are now being produced by high-ranked and influential companies like Hora and Sephora. Hundreds to thousands of people worldwide have tried them for a great diversity of skin issues and beauty routines and, so far, most of the user reviews have been positive.
According to Allure magazine which specializes in the beauty industry, the variety of available beauty products that contain CBD oil include moisturizers, highlighters, soaps, body lotions, cleansers, serums, salves, masks, and face creams.
CBD effects on the skin
From a scientific research perspective, CBD has yielded very interesting results when tested in both humans and animals.
Upon studying the endocannabinoid system, which tells how the chemicals in the cannabinoid family interact in different parts of our body, researchers found specific cannabinoid receptors (named CB1 and CB2) in the skin cells. This fact alone is an indicator of the potential interaction that may exist between cannabinoids and skin cells, and so researchers started studying the effects of CBD, one of the most studied types of cannabinoids, in skin cells.
Particularly, and given that inflammation is one of the most common symptoms in a wide variety of skin disorders, ranging from acne to psoriasis, CBD’s anti-inflammatory effects are being studied as potential treatments in those conditions. Also, besides being a powerful anti-inflammatory, CBD is also a potential anti-bacterial, and a powerful painkiller.
Acne, seborrhoea, and dry skin
In 2014, one study published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation found that CBD has a very high therapeutic potential for skin disorders like seborrhoea and considerable anti-acne effects, since it can successfully regulate the functioning of skin cells, thus resulting in the reduction of sebum production and acne-related inflammation.
Besides being able to control sebum production, CBD can also regulate lipid production in skin cells, making it a potential aid in managing excessive dry skin and consequent itching.
Skin cancer (melanoma)
Studies have found that various types of melanoma (skin cancer) cells express CB1 and CB2 receptors, thus indicating a possible link between the action of cannabinoids and the development or progression of skin cancer.
In fact, one study showed that CBD can help protect skin cells against external damage, such as UV radiation and oxidative stress, which are known potentially tumour-causing factors.
Other skin conditions
Additional data has showed the potential health benefits of CBD in treating and preventing conditions like dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, fibrosis, and blistering skin disorder. The results are quite promising, mostly due to CBD’s natural anti-inflammatory effects, and more research is being currently carried out, in order to develop new strategies and treatments for skin conditions based on CBD and cannabinoids.